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PubChem
Name: Threonine
PubChem Compound ID: 205
Description: An essential amino acid occurring naturally in the L-form, which is the active form. It is found in eggs, milk, gelatin, and other proteins.
Molecular formula: C4H9NO3
Molecular weight: 119.119 g/mol
Synonyms:
AI3-18477; EINECS 201-300-6; Threonine, DL-; NSC 206292; 2676-21-3; 80-68-2; EINECS 205-645-3; D-Thr; 5090-44-8; 28954-12-3.
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DrugBank
Identification
Name: Threonine
Name (isomeric): DB00156
Drug Type: small molecule
Description: An essential amino acid occurring naturally in the L-form, which is the active form. It is found in eggs, milk, gelatin, and other proteins.
Synonyms:
(S)-Threonine; Threonine; [R-(R*,S*)]-2-Amino-3-hydroxybutanoic acid; 2-Amino-3-hydroxybutyric acid; L-(-)-Threonine; Threonin
Category: Micronutrient, Dietary supplement, Essential Amino Acids
CAS number: 72-19-5
Pharmacology
Indication: L-Threonine makes up collagen, elastin, and enamel protein. It aids proper fat metabolism in the liver, helps the digestive and intestinal tracts function more smoothly, and assists in metabolism and assimilation.
Pharmacology: L-Threonine is an essential amino acid that helps to maintain the proper protein balance in the body. It is important for the formation of collagen, elastin, and tooth enamel, and aids liver and lipotropic function when combined with aspartic acid and methionine.
Mechanism of Action: L-Threonine is a precursor to the amino acids glycine and serine. It acts as a lipotropic in controlling fat build-up in the liver. May help combat mental illness and may be very useful in indigestion and intestinal malfunctions. Also, threonine prevents excessive liver fat. Nutrients are more readily absorbed when threonine is present.
Biotransformation: Hepatic
Affected organisms: Humans and other mammals

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