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PubChem
Name: Lutein
PubChem Compound ID: 10210008
Description: A carotenoid alcohol widespread in nature. It is present in egg yolk, algae, and petals of yellow flowers, among other sources.
Molecular formula: C40H56O2
Molecular weight: 568.871 g/mol
DrugBank
Identification
Name: Lutein
Name (isomeric): DB00137
Drug Type: small molecule
Description: A carotenoid alcohol widespread in nature. It is present in egg yolk, algae, and petals of yellow flowers, among other sources.
Synonyms:
Lutein ester; Vegetable luteol; (3R,3'R)-Beta,Beta-Carotene-3,3'-Diol, Lutein; Lutein; All-trans-(+)-Xanthophyll; Vegetable lutein; trans-Lutein; All-trans-Lutein; Luteine; (3R,3'R,6'R)-Lutein.
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Brand: Bo-Xan
Category: Micronutrient, Dietary supplement
CAS number: 127-40-2
Pharmacology
Indication: Xanthophylls are taken for nutritional supplementation, and also for treating dietary shortage or imbalance.
Pharmacology:
Lutein was found to be present in a concentrated area of the macula, a small area of the retina responsible for central vision. The hypothesis for the natural concentration is that lutein helps protect from oxidative stress and high-energy light. Several studies show that an increase in macula pigmentation decreases the risk for eye diseases such a...
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Mechanism of Action:
Xanthophylls have antioxidant activity and react with active oxygen species, producing biologically active degradation products. They also can inhibit peroxidation of membrane phospholipids and reduce lipofuscin formation, both of which contribute to their antioxidant properties. Lutein is naturally present in the macula of the human retina. It fil...
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Affected organisms: Humans and other mammals

Carriers