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QuickView for Clavulanate (compound)


DrugBank
Identification
Name: Clavulanate
Name (isomeric): DB00766
Drug Type: small molecule
Synonyms:
Clavulanic Acid
Brand name mixture: Amoksiklav(potassium clavulanate + amoxicillin), Neo-Duplamox(potassium clavulanate + amoxicillin), Klavocin(potassium clavulanate + amoxicillin), Augmentin(potassium clavulanate + amoxicillin), Ciblor(potassium clavulanate + amoxicillin)
Category: Anti-Bacterial Agents, Enzyme Inhibitors
CAS number: 58001-44-8
Pharmacology
Indication: For use with Amoxicillin, clavulanic acid is suitable for the treatment of infections with <i>Staph. aureus</i> and <i>Bacteroides fragilis</i>, or with beta-lactamase producing <i>H. influenzae</i> and <i>E. coli</i>.
Pharmacology: Clavulanic acid, produced by the fermentation of Streptomyces Clavuligerus, is a beta-lactam structurally related to the penicillins. Clavulanic acid is used in conjunction with amoxicillin for the treatment of bronchitis and urinary tract, skin, and soft tissue infections caused by beta-lactamase producing organisms.
Mechanism of Action:
Clavulanic acid competitively and irreversibly inhibits a wide variety of beta-lactamases, commonly found in microorganisms resistant to penicillins and cephalosporins. Binding and irreversibly inhibiting the beta-lactamase results in a restauration of the antimicrobial activity of beta-lactam antibiotics against lactamase-secreting-resistant bacte...
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Absorption: 75%
Protein binding: Low (22 to 30%)
Biotransformation: Hepatic
Half Life: 1.0 hour
Toxicity: Gastrointestinal symptoms including stomach and abdominal pain, vomiting, and diarrhea. Rash, hyperactivity, or drowsiness have also been observed in a small number of patients
Affected organisms: Enteric bacteria and other eubacteria
Interactions
Drug interaction:
OxytetracyclinePossible antagonism of action
Ethinyl EstradiolThis anti-infectious agent could decrease the effect of the oral contraceptive
MethacyclinePossible antagonism of action
DoxycyclinePossible antagonism of action
DemeclocyclinePossible antagonism of action
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Targets