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The capsid protein of the cauliflower mosaic virus (CaMV) was expressed in a bacterial system to study CaMV assembly. Bacterial lysates contained soluble particulate material and insoluble inclusion bodies that were both used for analysis. In vitro renaturation of pIV derivatives lead to the appearance of folded sheets or large tubular structures in electron microscopy. The region between amino acid positions 77 and 332 is sufficient for self-aggregation of pIV in vitro. C-terminal deletion to amino acid position 265 still allowed dimerization but prevented further aggregation. Nucleic acid binding assays of immobilized pIV derivatives demonstrated that a region located upstream of the retroviral "zinc finger-like" motif is involved in unspecific binding dsDNA, ssDNA and RNA.

Citation

Y Chapdelaine, T Hohn. The cauliflower mosaic virus capsid protein: assembly and nucleic acid binding in vitro. Virus genes. 1998;17(2):139-50

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PMID: 9857987

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