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Steroid 5 alpha-reductase is implicated in the pathogenesis of benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH). We studied the in vitro and in vivo effects of FR146687, a new inhibitor of 5 alpha-reductase. Two isozymes of rat and human 5 alpha-reductases were expressed in 293 cells. In vivo effects of drugs were evaluated on rat and dog prostates. Castrated immature rats were injected with testosterone propionate (TP) or 5 alpha-dihydrotestosterone propionate (DHTP) to induce growth of the ventral prostates. Testosterone and 5 alpha-dihydrotestosterone (DHT) contents in rat and dog prostates were measured by gas chromatography-mass spectrophotometry (GC-MS). FR146687 showed noncompetitive inhibition in both isozymes and no inhibitory effects on other steroid oxidoreductases. In mature rats and castrated immature rats treated with TP, FR146687 dose-dependently reduced ventral prostate and seminal vesicle weight at doses above 0.1 mg/kg, while castrated immature rats treated with DHTP were not affected by FR146687. FR146687 showed more potent reduction of rat prostates than finasteride. DHT concentration in the prostates was significantly reduced when FR146687 was administered to rats and beagles. FR146687 is a dual inhibitor for 5 alpha-reductase isozymes and significantly reduced the growth and DHT content in the prostate.

Citation

O Nakayama, J Hirosumi, N Chida, S Takahashi, K Sawada, H Kojo, Y Notsu. FR146687, a novel steroid 5 alpha-reductase inhibitor: in vitro and in vivo effects on prostates. The Prostate. 1997 Jun 1;31(4):241-9

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PMID: 9180934

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