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A microdialysis technique was used to measure myocardial catabolism of adenine nucleotides during preconditioning. Following thoracotomy in domestic pigs, a probe was inserted into the ischaemic myocardium and two probes into normal myocardium. Preconditioning was instituted by occluding a diagonal branch of the left anterior descending coronary artery four times over a 10 min period (interspersed with 20 min of reperfusion each time), followed by index ischaemia for 40 min and terminated by 20 min of reperfusion. Non-preconditioned animals, which had been subjected to 40 min ischaemia and 20 min of reperfusion were used as controls. Sham operated animals were additional controls. Following equilibration, the dialysis fluid was continuously pumped and the microdialysate analysed at 5 min intervals. In the dialysate, the amount of lactate, pyruvate, adenosine, inosine, hypoxanthine and guanosine was measured. Circulatory parameters were: rate pressure product, pulmonary artery pressures, cardiac output and pulmonary wedge pressure. There was no significant statistical difference in cardiac work between preconditioned pigs and controls. A sharp rise in adenosine was observed during the first short ischaemic period with attenuation during the following three short ischaemic periods. In the microdialysate, lactate, adenosine, inosine, hypoxanthine and guanosine were significantly lower during index ischaemia in the preconditioned group than in the non-preconditioned group. Pyruvate levels decreased during preconditioning and rose to a higher level after each brief ischaemic period, followed by a decrease, which was proportionally similar in the preconditioned and unpreconditioned animals during index ischaemia. The effect of preconditioning on lactate and catabolite levels indicated a powerful inhibition of adenine nucleotide catabolic processes due to ischaemia.

Citation

B G Wikström, G Ronquist, A Waldenström. Dynamics of myocardial metabolism in the preconditioned porcine heart studied using continuous microdialysis. European heart journal. 1995 Apr;16(4):563-9

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PMID: 7671904

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