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Injection of the alpha, beta-nonhydrolyzable GTP analog, guanosine 5'-[alpha, beta-methylene]triphosphate (pp[CH2]pG) into PtK2, A549, and Swiss 3T3 cells produced dramatic changes in the normal pattern of long radiating microtubules displayed by the cells before injection. Injection of pp[CH2]pG into cells growing in normal medium resulted in the formation of microtubule bundles resistant to depolymerization by Colcemid and calcium. Cells injected with pp[CH2]pG after incubation with Colcemid for 2 hr showed polymerization of tubulin into long wavy ribbons within 2 hr after injection. Removal of Colcemid 1 hr after the injection of pp[CH2]pG resulted in assembly of tubulin into short single randomly oriented microtubules. All cells injected with pp[CH2]pG showed impeded translocation and restriction or absence of intracellular movement. pp[CH2]pG also prevented the fragmentation of Golgi elements in A549 cells treated with Colcemid. Cells first treated with Colcemid and then injected with pp[CH2]pG failed to reassemble the Golgi elements after the removal of Colcemid. Cells in intimate membrane contact with cells injected with pp[CH2]pG showed similar changes in microtubule polymerization, cell movement, and organization of Golgi elements.


J Wehland, I V Sandoval. Cells injected with guanosine 5'-[alpha, beta-methylene]triphosphate, an alpha, beta-nonhydrolyzable analog of GTP, show anomalous patterns of tubulin polymerization affecting cell translocation, intracellular movement, and the organization of Golgi elements. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America. 1983 Apr;80(7):1938-41

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PMID: 6572952

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