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A new method of screening for chitinase inhibitors in crude fermentation broths as a means of discovering new insecticidal leads has been developed. In this procedure soluble Remazol brilliant violet 5R dye-coupled chitin degradation products released from insoluble chitin azure substrate by hydrolysis with Streptomyces griseus chitinase are filtered in 0.45 micron Millititer HA 96 well filtration plates and collected in 96 well microtiter plates. Inhibitors of this reaction are detected by a decrease in absorbance (570 nm) of the filtrate. A chitinase inhibitor, designated A82516, produced by culture A82516 was discovered using this screen. Purified A82516 was found to have an IC50 of 3.7 X 10(-6) M for S. griseus chitinase. At a test concentration of 0.27 mg/ml, A82516 was 100% effective in preventing development of house fly larvae to pupae. Allosamidin, a recently reported chitinase inhibitor in vitro, has spectral properties identical to A82516.

Citation

P J Somers, R C Yao, L E Doolin, M J McGowan, D S Fukuda, J S Mynderse. Method for the detection and quantitation of chitinase inhibitors in fermentation broths; isolation and insect life cycle effect of A82516. The Journal of antibiotics. 1987 Dec;40(12):1751-6

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PMID: 3429340

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