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    The Hey family (also known as Chf, Herp, Hesr, and Hrt) is a set of Hairy/Enhancer of Split-related basic helix-loop-helix type transcription factors. Hey1, Hey2, and HeyL have been identified in mammals. Although Hey proteins are known to regulate cardiovascular development, muscle homeostasis, osteogenesis, neurogenesis, and oncogenesis, their roles in tooth development have been largely obscure. Therefore, this study aimed to clarify detailed spatiotemporal expression patterns of Hey1 and Hey2 in developing molars and incisors of mice by section in situ hybridization. Hey1 and Hey2 were not significantly expressed in tooth germs at epithelial thickening, bud, and cap stages during molar development. In the dental epithelium in molars at the bell stage and incisors, Hey2 transcripts were restricted to the undifferentiated inner enamel epithelium and down-regulated in preameloblasts and ameloblasts. On the other hand, Hey1 was mainly expressed in preameloblasts and down-regulated in differentiated ameloblasts. Both genes were not significantly expressed in other dental epithelial tissues, including the outer enamel epithelium, stellate reticulum, and stratum intermedium cells. In the dental mesenchyme, Hey1 was intensely transcribed in the subodontoblastic layer of the dental pulp in both molars and incisors, whereas Hey2 was barely detectable in mesenchymal components. Our data implied that Hey2 function is restricted to transient amplifying cells of the ameloblast cell lineage and that Hey1 plays a role in the composition of the subodontoblastic layer, in addition to ameloblast differentiation. These findings provide novel clues for the better understanding of tooth development. Copyright © 2017. Published by Elsevier B.V.

    Citation

    Kotono Kibe, Mitsushiro Nakatomi, Shinji Kataoka, Takashi Toyono, Yuji Seta. Hey1 and Hey2 are differently expressed during mouse tooth development. Gene expression patterns : GEP. 2017 Nov 16


    PMID: 29155305

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