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This study is conducted to investigate the involvement of T-helper (Th) cells and regulatory T cells in epithelial ovarian cancer (EOC).The percentages of Th22, Th17, Th1, and regulatory T cells in the peripheral blood of EOC patients, benign ovarian epithelial neoplasm (BOEN) patients, and healthy control (HC) were examined by flow cytometry. Enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay was used to determine serum levels of interleukin (IL)-22, IL-17, interferon-γ (IFN-γ), and tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α).Th22 and Th17 were significantly increased in EOC patients. The plasma concentrations of IL-22 and TNF-α were significantly elevated in EOC patients compared with BOEN patients and HC. In EOC patients, there was an increased trend of Th22, IL-22, and TNF-α in stage III-IV patients compared with stage I-II patients. A positive correlation was seen among Th22, Th17, and Th1 cells in EOC patients. Similarly, positive correlations were detected between Th22 cells and IL-22 or TNF-α and between Th1 cells and interferon-γ (IFN-γ) in EOC patients. Besides, no significant difference was found in Th1 cells and regulatory T cells among EOC and BOEN patients and HC.There is a higher circulating frequency of Th22, Th17 cells, IL-22, and TNF-α concentration in EOC patients, which may conjointly participate in the pathogenesis and growth of EOC.

Citation

Ting Wang, Zhiwei Zhang, Huaixin Xing, Li Wang, Guoxiang Zhang, Na Yu, Junzhi Wang, Wei Guo, Jie Jiang. Elevated Th22 cells and related cytokines in patients with epithelial ovarian cancer. Medicine. 2017 Oct;96(43):e8359

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PMID: 29069020

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