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Nodular hyperplasia of parathyroid glands (PG) is the most probable cause of medical treatment failure in secondary hyperparathyroidism (sHPT). This prospective cohort study is located at the interface of medical and surgical consideration of sHPT treatment options and identifies risk-factors for nodular hyperplasia of PG. One-hundred-eight resected PG of 27 patients with a broad spectrum of sHPT severity were classified according to the degree of hyperplasia by histopathology. Twenty routinely gathered parameters from medical history, ultrasound findings of PG and laboratory results were analyzed for their influence on nodular hyperplasia of PG by risk-adjusted multivariable binary regression. A prognostic model for non-invasive assessment of PG was developed and used to weight the individual impact of identified risk-factors on the probability of nodular hyperplasia of single PG. Independent risk-factors for nodular hyperplasia of single PG were duration of dialysis in years, PG volume in mm3 determined by ultrasound and serum level of parathyroid hormone in pg/mL. Multivariable analyses computed a model with an Area Under the Receiver Operative Curve of 0.857 (95%-CI:0.773-0.941) when predicting nodular hyperplasia of PG. Theoretical assessment of risk-factor interaction revealed that the duration of dialysis had the strongest influence on the probability of nodular hyperplasia of single PG. The three identified risk-factors (duration of dialysis, PG volume determined by ultrasound and serum level of parathyroid hormone) can be easily gathered in daily routine and could be used to non-invasively assess the probability of nodular hyperplasia of PG. This assessment would benefit from periodically collected data sets of PG changes during the course of sHPT, so that the choice of medical or surgical sHPT treatment could be adjusted more to the naturally changing type of histological PG lesion on an individually adopted basis in the future.

Citation

Mark D Jäger, Michaela Serttas, Jan Beneke, Jörg A Müller, Harald Schrem, Alexander Kaltenborn, Wolf Ramackers, Bastian P Ringe, Jill Gwiasda, Wolfgang Tränkenschuh, Jürgen Klempnauer, Georg F W Scheumann. Risk-factors for nodular hyperplasia of parathyroid glands in sHPT patients. PloS one. 2017;12(10):e0186093

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PMID: 29040300

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