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    Increased N-terminal pro b-type natriuretic peptide (NT-proBNP) and high-sensitivity cardiac troponin T (hs-cTnT) can identify patients with heart failure (HF) who are at increased risk of cardiac events. The relationship of these biomarkers to the extent of hibernating myocardium and scar has not been previously characterized in patients with ischemic left ventricular dysfunction and HF. Patients with ischemic HF meeting recruitment criteria and undergoing perfusion and fluorodeoxyglucose-positron emission tomography to define myocardial hibernation and scar were included in the study. A total of 39 patients (mean age 67 ± 8 years) with New York Heart Association class II-IV HF and ischemic cardiomyopathy (ejection fraction [EF], 27.9% ± 8.5%) were enrolled in the study. Serum NT-proBNP and hs-cTnT levels were elevated in patients with ≥ 10% hibernating myocardium compared with those with < 10% (NT-pro-BNP, 7419.10 ± 7169.5 pg/mL vs 2894.6 ± 2967.4 pg/mL; hs-cTnT, 789.3 ± 1835.3 pg/mL vs 44.8 ± 78.9 pg/mL; P < 0.05). The overall receiver operating characteristic under the curve value for NT-proBNP and hs-cTnT to predict hibernating myocardium was 0.76 and 0.78, respectively (P < 0.05). The NT-proBNP (P = 0.02) and hs-cTnT (P < 0.0001) levels also correlated with hibernation, particularly in patients with ≥ 10% scar, independent of EF, age, and estimated glomerular filtration rate. No differences were noted in biomarker levels for patients with vs those without ≥ 10% scar. NT-proBNP and hs-cTnT levels are elevated in patients with ischemic HF hibernation and are correlated with the degree of hibernation but not with the presence or extent of scar. Taken together, these data support the novel concept that NT-proBNP and hs-cTnT release in patients with ischemic HF reflects the presence and extent of hibernating myocardium. Copyright © 2017 Canadian Cardiovascular Society. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

    Citation

    Jason G E Zelt, Peter P Liu, Fernanda Erthal, Robert A deKemp, George Wells, Eileen O'Meara, Linda Garrard, Rob S B Beanlands, Lisa M Mielniczuk. N-Terminal Pro B-Type Natriuretic Peptide and High-Sensitivity Cardiac Troponin T Levels Are Related to the Extent of Hibernating Myocardium in Patients With Ischemic Heart Failure. The Canadian journal of cardiology. 2017 Nov;33(11):1478-1488

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    PMID: 28966019

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