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    The essential oil from the leaves of Peperomia borbonensis from Réunion Island was obtained by hydrodistillation and characterized using GC-FID, GC/MS and NMR. The main components were myristicin (39.5%) and elemicin (26.6%). The essential oil (EO) of Peperomia borbonensis and its major compounds (myristicin and elemicin), pure or in a mixture, were evaluated for their insecticidal activity against Bactrocera cucurbitae (Diptera: Tephritidae) using a filter paper impregnated bioassay. The concentrations necessary to kill 50% (LC50 ) and 90% (LC90 ) of the flies in three hours were determined. The LC50 value was 0.23 ± 0.009 mg/cm2 and the LC90 value was 0.34 ± 0.015 mg/cm2 for the EO. The median lethal time (LT50 ) was determined to compare the toxicity of EO and the major constituents. The EO was the most potent insecticide (LT50  = 98 ± 2 min), followed by the mixture of myristicin and elemicin (1.4:1) (LT50  = 127 ± 2 min) indicating that the efficiency of the EO is potentiated by minor compounds and emphasizing one of the major assets of EOs against pure molecules. © 2017 Wiley-VHCA AG, Zurich, Switzerland.

    Citation

    Emmanuelle Dorla, Anne Gauvin-Bialecki, Zoé Deuscher, Agathe Allibert, Isabelle Grondin, Jean-Philippe Deguine, Philippe Laurent. Insecticidal Activity of the Leaf Essential Oil of Peperomia borbonensis Miq. (Piperaceae) and Its Major Components against the Melon Fly Bactrocera cucurbitae (Diptera: Tephritidae). Chemistry & biodiversity. 2017 Jun;14(6)

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    PMID: 28273402

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