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    Pro-inflammatory signals provided by the microenvironment are critical to activate dendritic cells (DCs), components of the innate immune system that shape both innate and adaptive immunity. However, to prevent inappropriate immune activation, mechanisms must be in place to restrain DC activation to ensure DCs are activated only once sufficient stimuli have been received. Here, we report that DC activation and immunogenicity are regulated by the transcriptional repressor Polycomb group factor 6 (PCGF6). Pcgf6 is rapidly downregulated upon stimulation, and this downregulation is necessary to permit full DC activation. Silencing PCGF6 expression enhanced both spontaneous and stimulated DC activation. We show that PCGF6 associates with the H3K4me3 demethylase JARID1c, and together, they negatively regulate H3K4me3 levels in DCs. Our results identify two key regulators, PCGF6 and JARID1c that temper DC activation and implicate active transcriptional silencing via histone demethylation as a previously unappreciated mechanism for regulating DC activation and quiescence. Crown Copyright © 2016. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

    Citation

    Giselle M Boukhaled, Brendan Cordeiro, Genevieve Deblois, Vassil Dimitrov, Swneke D Bailey, Thomas Holowka, Anisa Domi, Hannah Guak, Huai-Hsuan Clare Chiu, Bart Everts, Edward J Pearce, Mathieu Lupien, John H White, Connie M Krawczyk. The Transcriptional Repressor Polycomb Group Factor 6, PCGF6, Negatively Regulates Dendritic Cell Activation and Promotes Quiescence. Cell reports. 2016 Aug 16;16(7):1829-37


    PMID: 27498878

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