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    To preliminarily investigate the relationship between serum apelin level and pulmonary artery pressure in children with congenital heart disease. One hundred and twenty-six children with congenital heart disease undergoing surgical treatment were enrolled as subjects. The serum level of apelin was determined before surgery and at 7 days after surgery. The ratio of pulmonary artery systolic pressure to aortic systolic pressure (Pp/Ps) was calculated before extracorporeal circulation. According to the Pp/Ps value, patients were classified into non-pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) group, mild PAH group, moderate PAH group, and severe PAH group. Pulmonary artery mean pressure was estimated by echocardiography at 7 days after surgery. The non-PAH group had the highest serum level of apelin before and after surgery, followed by the mild PAH group, moderate PAH group, and severe PAH group (P<0.05). All groups had significantly increased serum levels of apelin at 7 days after surgery (P<0.05). The serum level of apelin was negatively correlated with pulmonary artery pressure before surgery (r=-0.51, P<0.05) and at 7 days after surgery (r=-0.54, P<0.05). The decrease in serum apelin level is associated with the development of pulmonary hypertension in children with congenital heart disease. The significance of serum apelin in predicting the development and degree of pulmonary hypertension in children with congenital heart disease deserves further studies.

    Citation

    Chao Ma, Ding-Rong Shen, Qing Zhang, Yi-Qun Ding, Yuan-Xiang Wang, Le Peng, Bao-Ying Meng, Yun-Xing Ti. A preliminary investigation of relationship between serum apelin level and pulmonary artery pressure in children with congenital heart disease]. Zhongguo dang dai er ke za zhi = Chinese journal of contemporary pediatrics. 2016 Apr;18(4):340-4

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    PMID: 27097580

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