Clear Search sequence regions


  • artifacts (5)
  • brain (2)
  • calcium (1)
  • contrast media (2)
  • female (1)
  • help (1)
  • humans (1)
  • male (1)
  • patients (2)
  • regions (1)
  • stents (21)
  • vitro (2)
  • Sizes of these terms reflect their relevance to your search.

    Application of computed tomography for monitoring intracranial stents is limited because of stent-related artifacts. Our purpose was to evaluate the effect of gemstone spectral imaging on the intracranial stent and stent lumen. In vitro, we scanned Enterprise stent phantom and a stent-cheese complex using the gemstone spectral imaging protocol. Follow-up gemstone spectral images of 15 consecutive patients with placement of Enterprise from January 2013 to September 2014 were also retrospectively reviewed. We used 70-keV, 140-keV, iodine (water), iodine (calcium), and iodine (hydroxyapatite) images to evaluate their effect on the intracranial stent and stent lumen. Two regions of interest were individually placed in stent lumen and adjacent brain tissue. Contrast-to-noise ratio was measured to determine image quality. The maximal diameter of stent markers was also measured to evaluate stent-related artifact. Two radiologists independently graded the visibility of the lumen at the maker location by using a 4-point scale. The mean of grading score, contrast/noise ratio and maximal diameter of stent markers were compared among all modes. All results were analyzed by SPSS version 20. In vitro, iodine (water) images decreased metallic artifact of stent makers to the greatest degree. The most areas of cheese were observed on iodine (water) images. In vivo, iodine (water) images had the smallest average diameter of stent markers (0.33 ± 0.17mm; P < .05) and showed the highest mean grading score (2.94 ± 0.94; P < .05) and contrast/noise ratio of in-stent lumen (160.03 ±37.79; P < .05) among all the modes. Iodine (water) images can help reduce stent-related artifacts of Enterprise and enhance contrast of in-stent lumen. Spectral imaging may be considered a noninvasive modality for following-up patients with in-stent stenosis.

    Citation

    Chi-Lun Weng, Ying-Chi Tseng, David Yen-Ting Chen, Chi-Jen Chen, Hui-Ling Hsu. Spectral Imaging for Intracranial Stents and Stent Lumen. PloS one. 2016;11(1):e0145999

    Expand section icon Mesh Tags

    Expand section icon Substances


    PMID: 26731534

    View Full Text