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Introduction of isoproterenol (beta-adrenoreceptor agonist) into rats is one of the widespread experimental models of heart failure. It is caused by diffuse ischemic damage of cardiomyocytes, followed by development of substitutive fibrosis. Apelin is a natural regulator of the myocardial contractility. The effects of apelin molecule fragment, apelin-12 and its more stable synthetic analogue, apelin-12-2 on cardiac contractile function of rats with isoproterenol-induced myocardial lesion (IML) and control animals has been studied in this work using invasive (catheterization of the left ventricle) and non-invasive (echocardiography and impedansometry) methods. Infusion of both peptides was made by sequentially increasing rate from 0.5 to 50 µg/kg/min. In the control group, efficacy of apelin-12 was low while apelin-12-2 moderately but significantly increased indices of myocardial contractility and relaxability. These changes were more pronounced in rats with IML and, in addition, the heart rate and LV systolic pressure increased in this group. These results correlate well with echocardiographic studies which showed increases of LV end diastolic volume, stroke volume and ejection fraction by 17-38%. These alterations are probably due to improved Ca2+ transport in cardiomyocytes, as in experiments on isolated cardiomyocytes both apelins have facilitated and improved Ca2+ removal from myoplasma. The results allow to conclude that apelin-12-2 seems to be a promising candidate for further development as a therapeutic agent in heart failure.


V L Lakomkin, A A Abramov, E V Lukoshkova, S V Lakomkin, V V Gramovich, O N Vyborov, N A Undrovinas, V V Ermishkin, V G Tsyplenkova, V P Shirinsky, V I Kapelko. The Action of Apelin-12 and Its Analog on Hemodynamics and Cardiac Contractile Function of Rats With Isoproterenol-Induced Myocardial Lesion]. Kardiologiia. 2015;55(6):54-62

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PMID: 26625520

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