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    Female participation in running is at a historical high. Special consideration should be given to this population, in whom suboptimal nutritional intake, menstrual irregularity, and bone stress injury are common. Immature athletes should garner particular attention. Advances in the understanding of the Triad and Triad-related conditions have largely informed the approach to the health of this population. Clinicians should be well versed in the identification of Triad-related risk factors. A multidisciplinary team may be necessary for the optimal treatment of at-risk runners. Nonpharmacologic strategies to increase energy availability in athletes should be used as first-line treatment. Copyright © 2016 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.


    Brian Y Kim, Aurelia Nattiv. Health Considerations in Female Runners. Physical medicine and rehabilitation clinics of North America. 2016 Feb;27(1):151-78

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    PMID: 26616182

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