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Bleomycin hydrolase (BLMH) is a neutral cysteine aminopeptidase that has been ascribed roles in many physiological and pathological processes, yet its primary biological function remains enigmatic. In this work, we describe the results of screening of a library of fluorogenic substrates to identify non-natural amino acids that are optimally recognized by BLMH. This screen identified several substrates with kcat/KM values that are substantially improved over the previously reported fluorogenic substrates for this enzyme. The substrate sequences were used to design activity-based probes that showed potent labeling of recombinant BLMH as well as endogenously expressed BLMH in cell extracts, and in intact cells. Importantly, we identify potent BLMH inhibitors that are able to fully inhibit endogenous BLMH activity in intact cells. These probes and inhibitors will be valuable new reagents to study BLMH function in cellular and animal models of human diseases where BLMH is likely to be involved. Copyright © 2015 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

Citation

Wouter A van der Linden, Ehud Segal, Matthew A Child, Anna Byzia, Marcin Drąg, Matthew Bogyo. Design and Synthesis of Activity-Based Probes and Inhibitors for Bleomycin Hydrolase. Chemistry & biology. 2015 Aug 20;22(8):995-1001

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PMID: 26256478

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