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The complete nucleotide sequence of Alternaria longipes dsRNA virus 1 (AlRV1), a novel double-stranded RNA (dsRNA) mycovirus, was determined and analyzed. AlRV1-HN28 contains a single dsRNA genome segment 3415 base pairs in length (excluding the 3' poly(A) tail) and was predicted to contain two discontiguous open reading frames (ORFs, ORF A and ORF B). The 5'-proximal ORF A (1182 nt) potentially encodes a protein of 394 amino acids (aa) with a predicted molecular mass of 43 kDa; this protein showed no significant similarities to any other sequences in any of the NCBI protein databases. The 3'-proximal ORF B (1737 nt) encodes a protein of 579 aa with a predicted molecular mass of 65 kDa; this protein sequence shares similarities with the conserved domains of RNA-dependent RNA polymerases of other mycoviruses. Phylogenetic analysis indicated that AlRV1-HN28 was closely related to four other unclassified viruses, which suggests that the AlRV1-HN28 isolated from Alternaria longipes may belong to a new family of dsRNA mycoviruses. This is the first report of the full-length nucleotide sequence of a mycovirus that infects Alternaria longipes.

Citation

Yanhong Lin, Hailong Zhang, Chengjin Zhao, Shengxue Liu, Lihua Guo. The complete genome sequence of a novel mycovirus from Alternaria longipes strain HN28. Archives of virology. 2015 Feb;160(2):577-80

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PMID: 25248625

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