Clear Search sequence regions


Pitx2 is the last effector of the left-right (LR) cascade known to date and plays a crucial role in the patterning of LR asymmetry. In Xenopus embryos, the expression of Pitx2 gene in the left lateral plate mesoderm (LPM) is directly regulated by Xnr1 signaling, which is mediated by Smads and FoxH1. Previous studies suggest that the suppression of Pitx2 gene in the left LPM is a potential cause of cardiac/laterality defects in Oculo-Facio-Cardio-Dental (OFCD) syndrome, which is known to be caused by mutations in BCL6 co-repressor (BCOR) gene. Recently, our work has revealed that the BCL6/BCOR complex blocks Notch-dependent transcriptional activity to protect the expression of Pitx2 in the left LPM from the inhibitory activity of Notch signaling. These studies indicated that uncontrolled Notch activity in the left LPM caused by dysfunction of BCOR may result in cardiac/laterality defects of OFCD syndrome. However, this Notch-dependent inhibitory mechanism of Pitx2 gene transcription still remains unknown. Here we report that transcriptional repressor ESR1, which acts downstream of Notch signaling, inhibits the expression of Pitx2 gene by binding to a left side-specific enhancer (ASE) region in Pitx2 gene and recruiting histone deacetylase 1 (HDAC1) to this region. Once HDAC1 is tethered, histone acetyltransferase p300 is no longer recruited to the Xnr1-dependent transcriptional complex on the ASE region, leading to the suppression of Pitx2 gene in the left LPM. The study presented here uncovers the regulatory mechanism of Pitx2 gene transcription which may contribute to an understanding of pathogenesis of OFCD syndrome. Copyright © 2014 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

Citation

Koichi Tanaka, Akiko Kato, Chelsea Angelocci, Minoru Watanabe, Yoichi Kato. A potential molecular pathogenesis of cardiac/laterality defects in Oculo-Facio-Cardio-Dental syndrome. Developmental biology. 2014 Mar 1;387(1):28-36

Expand section icon Mesh Tags

Expand section icon Substances


PMID: 24440151

View Full Text