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In eukaryotes, many genes are transcribed as precursor messenger RNAs (pre-mRNAs) that contain exons and introns, the latter of which must be removed and exons ligated to form the mature mRNAs. This process is called pre-mRNA splicing, which occurs in the nucleus. Although the chemistry of pre-mRNA splicing is identical to that of the self-splicing Group II introns, hundreds of proteins and five small nuclear RNAs (snRNAs), U1, U2, U4, U5, and U6, are essential for executing pre-mRNA splicing. Spliceosome, arguably the most complex cellular machine made up of all those proteins and snRNAs, is responsible for carrying out pre-mRNA splicing. In contrast to the transcription and the translation machineries, spliceosome is formed anew onto each pre-mRNA and undergoes a series of highly coordinated reconfigurations to form the catalytic center. This amazing process is orchestrated by a number of DExD/H-proteins that are the focus of this article, which aims to review the field in general and to project the exciting challenges and opportunities ahead. This article is part of a Special Issue entitled: The Biology of RNA helicases - Modulation for life. Copyright © 2013 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

Citation

Tien-Hsien Chang, Luh Tung, Fu-Lung Yeh, Jui-Hui Chen, Shang-Lin Chang. Functions of the DExD/H-box proteins in nuclear pre-mRNA splicing. Biochimica et biophysica acta. 2013 Aug;1829(8):764-74

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PMID: 23454554

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