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Glycaemic control, reduction of blood pressure using agents that block the renin-angiotensin system and control of dyslipidaemia are the major strategies used in the clinical management of patients with diabetes mellitus. Each of these approaches interrupts a number of pathological pathways, which directly contributes to the vascular complications of diabetes mellitus, including renal disease, blindness, neuropathy and cardiovascular disease. However, research published over the past few years has indicated that many of the pathological pathways important in the development of the vascular complications of diabetes mellitus are equally relevant to the initiation of diabetes mellitus itself. These pathways include insulin signalling, generation of cellular energy, post-translational modifications and redox imbalances. This Review will examine how the development of diabetes mellitus has come full circle from initiation to complications and suggests that the development of diabetes mellitus and the progression to chronic complications both require the same mechanistic triggers.

Citation

Brooke E Harcourt, Sally A Penfold, Josephine M Forbes. Coming full circle in diabetes mellitus: from complications to initiation. Nature reviews. Endocrinology. 2013 Feb;9(2):113-23

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PMID: 23296171

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