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B(1) and B(2) kinin receptors are involved in pain transmission but they may have different roles in the muscle pain induced by intense exercise or inflammation. We investigated the contribution of each of these receptors, and the intracellular pathways involved, in the initial development and maintenance of the muscle pain associated with inflammation-induced tissue damage. Mechanical hyperalgesia was measured using the Randall-Selitto apparatus after injecting 5% formalin solution into the gastrocnemius muscle in mice treated with selective antagonists for B(1) or B(2) receptors. The expression of kinin receptors and cytokines and the activation of intracellular kinases were monitored by real-time PCR and immunohistochemistry. The i.m. injection of formalin induced an overexpression of B(1) and B(2) receptors. This overexpression was associated with the mechanical hyperalgesia induced by formalin because treatment with B(1) receptor antagonists (des-Arg(9) [Leu(8)]-BK, DALBK, and SSR240612) or B(2) receptor antagonists (HOE 140 and FR173657) prevented the hyperalgesia. Formalin increased myeloperoxidase activity, and up-regulated TNF-α, IL-1β and IL-6 in gastrocnemius. Myeloperoxidase activity and TNF-α mRNA expression were inhibited by either DALBK or HOE 140, whereas IL-6 was inhibited only by HOE 140. The hyperalgesia induced by i.m. formalin was dependent on the activation of intracellular MAPKs p38, JNK and PKC. Inflammatory muscle pain involves a cascade of events that is dependent on the activation of PKC, p38 and JNK, and the synthesis of IL-1β, TNF-α and IL-6 associated with the up-regulation of both B(1) and B(2) kinin receptors. © 2012 The Authors. British Journal of Pharmacology © 2012 The British Pharmacological Society.

Citation

F C Meotti, R Campos, Kabs da Silva, A F Paszcuk, R Costa, J B Calixto. Inflammatory muscle pain is dependent on the activation of kinin B₁ and B₂ receptors and intracellular kinase pathways. British journal of pharmacology. 2012 Jun;166(3):1127-39

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PMID: 22220695

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