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The fungal cell wall is a structure with a high plasticity that protects the cell from different types of environmental stresses including changes in osmotic pressure. In addition to that, the cell wall allows the fungal cell to interact with its environment, since some of its proteins are adhesins and receptors. Some of its components are highly immunogenic. The structure of the fungal cell wall is unique to the fungi, and it is composed of glucan, chitin and glycoproteins. Since humans lack the components present in the cell walls of fungi, this structure is an excellent target for the development of antifungal drugs. Anidulafungin, like the rest of echinocandins acts on beta-1,3-D-glucan synthase inhibiting the formation of beta-1,3-D-glucan and causing, depending on the type of fungus, a fungicidal or either a fungistatic effect.

Citation

José Pontón. The fungal cell wall and the mechanism of action of anidulafungin]. Revista iberoamericana de micología. 2008 Jun;25(2):78-82

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PMID: 18473501

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