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Nucleotide sequencing of Rhizobium meliloti insertion sequence ISRm1 showed that it is 1319 nucleotides long and includes 32/31 nucleotide terminal inverted repeats. Analysis of five different insertion sites using sequencing primers complementary to sequences within the left and right ends demonstrated that ISRm1 generates five bp direct repeats at the sites of insertion. Although ISRm1 has shown a target preference for certain short regions (hot spots), there was no apparent similarity in the DNA sequences near the insertion sites. On one strand ISRm1 contains two contiguous open reading frames (ORFs) spanning most of its length. ISRm1 was found to have over 50% sequence homology to insertion sequences IS2 from Escherichia coli and IS426 from Agrobacterium tumefaciens. Their sizes, the sequences of their inverted repeats, and the characteristics of their insertion sites are also comparable, indicating that ISRm1, IS2 and IS426 belong to a class of related insertion sequences. Comparison of the proteins potentially encoded by these insertion sequences showed that the two ORFs found in ISRm1 are also present in IS2 and IS426, suggesting that they may be functional genes.


R J Watson, R Wheatcroft. Nucleotide sequence of Rhizobium meliloti insertion sequence ISRm1: homology to IS2 from Escherichia coli and IS426 from Agrobacterium tumefaciens. DNA sequence : the journal of DNA sequencing and mapping. 1991;2(3):163-72

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PMID: 1667984

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