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The effects of GS-389, a novel tetrahydroisoquinoline analog, on isolated rat and mouse thoracic aorta rings, were investigated. Both GS-389 and papaverine induced endothelium-independent, concentration-dependent relaxations of the rat and mouse aortae precontracted with phenylephrine (PE). The GS-389-induced inhibition of the contractile response to PE was noncompetitive. The initial phasic contraction to PE elicited in Ca(2+)-free media was also attenuated by pretreatment with GS-389, indicating that GS-389 may interfere with the release of intracellular Ca2+ and/or the effects of intracellular Ca2+ release. GS-389 potentiated the vasodilatory effects of isoproterenol and sodium nitroprusside in rat and mouse aortae. GS-389 significantly increased cGMP levels in the rat aorta and inhibited cGMP phosphodiesterase from the rabbit brain. Methylene blue, but not propranolol, inhibited the vasodilatory effect of GS-389. These results suggest that the vasorelaxant effect of GS-389 may be due, at least in part, to inhibition of cGMP metabolism.


K C Chang, J K Lim, C W Park. Pharmacological evaluation of GS-389, a novel tetrahydroisoquinoline analog related to higenamine, on vascular smooth muscle. Life sciences. 1992;51(1):67-74

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PMID: 1614275

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