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Q fever is a zoonotic disease caused by Coxiella burnetii--an obligate, gram negative, intracellular bacteria. The term Q (Query) was first used because at the time the disease was named its etiology was unknown. Q fever is divided into acute and chronic infections characterized by different evolution, serological profiles and treatment. Pericarditis, as a manifestation of Q fever is rare and difficult to diagnose. This is due to the following: firstly, the clinical presentation of acute Q fever is pleomorphic, nonspecific and self limited, and secondly, the diagnosis relies on the physician's interest and the presence of a reliable diagnostic laboratory. The objective of that review is to increase the physician's awareness of the clinical presentation of Q fever, to discuss the importance of the diagnosis and laboratory tests and to guide the physician as to when to provide treatment and the relevant patient population to be treated.


Shimon Edelstein, Yeuda Edoute. Q fever pericarditis]. Harefuah. 2004 May;143(5):364-7, 390

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PMID: 15190850

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