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We examined the pharmacology of (2R,4R)-4-hydroxy-2-[2-[2-[2-(3-methoxy)phenyl]ethyl]phenoxy]ethyl-1-methylpyrrolidine hydrochloride (R-96544), the active form of a novel 5-HT(2A) receptor antagonist, (2R,4R)-4-lauroyloxy-2-[2-[2-[2-(3-methoxy)phenyl]ethyl]phenoxy]ethyl-1-methylpyrrolidine hydrochloride (R-102444). R-96544 produced a concentration-dependent inhibition of platelet aggregation induced by serotonin (5-hydroxytryptamine, 5-HT) alone or in combination with ADP in platelets from humans, monkeys, cats, rabbits, rats and mice. An intravenous administration of R-96544 to rabbits significantly inhibited ex vivo platelet aggregation induced by 5-hydroxytryptamine (5-HT) combined with epinephrine. An oral administration of R-102444 to rats also resulted in significant inhibition of ex vivo platelet aggregation, whereas R-102444 was ineffective in an in vitro platelet aggregation assay. These antiplatelet effects of R-96544 and R-102444 were more potent than those of two other 5-HT(2A) receptor antagonists, sarpogrelate and its active metabolite (+/-)-1-[2-[2-(3-methoxyphenyl)ethyl]phenoxy]-3-(dimethylamino)-2-propanol hydrochloride (M-1). A binding study using cat platelet membranes showed that R-96544 has high affinity for 5-HT(2A) receptors but no effect on non-serotonergic [3H]ketanserin-binding sites. R-96544 caused a parallel shift to the right of concentration-response curves for 5-HT in rat caudal artery contraction mediated by 5-HT(2A) receptors. Schild plot analysis gave a pA(2) value of 10.4 with a slope near unity (1.04). R-96544 also inhibited 5-HT(2A) receptor-mediated contraction of guinea pig trachea but not 5-HT(3) receptor-mediated contraction of guinea pig ileum and 5-HT(2B) receptor-mediated contraction of rat fundus preparation. R-96544 (i.v.) attenuated the pressor responses evoked by 5-HT (15 microg/kg, i.v.) but not by phenylephrine (5 microg/kg, i.v.) and angiotensin II (0.1 microg/kg, i.v.), after ganglionic blockade in anesthetized spontaneously hypertensive rats. These results show that R-96544, the active form of R-102444, is a novel 5-HT receptor antagonist with potent, competitive, and 5-HT(2A)-selective activity.

Citation

Taketoshi Ogawa, Atsuhiro Sugidachi, Naoki Tanaka, Koichi Fujimoto, Fumitoshi Asai. Pharmacological profiles of R-96544, the active form of a novel 5-HT2A receptor antagonist R-102444. European journal of pharmacology. 2002 Dec 20;457(2-3):107-14

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PMID: 12464356

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