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Human peripheral blood polymorphonuclear leukocytes were preincubated with cystathionine and cystathionine metabolites found in the urine of patients with cystathioninuria. Among the cystathionine metabolites, cystathionine ketimine and N-acetyl-S-(3-oxo-3-carboxy-n-propyl) cysteine (NAc-OCPC) significantly enhanced the N-formylmethionylleucylphenylalanine (fMLP)-induced superoxide generation, but cystathionine, NAc-cystathionine, and cyclothionine did not enhance the superoxide generation. Cystathionine ketimine and NAc-OCPC also enhanced superoxide generation induced by opsonized zymosan (OZ) but not that induced by arachidonic acid (AA) and phorbol 12-myristate 13-acetate (PMA). Superoxide generation induced by cystathionine ketimine and NAc-OCPC was inhibited by genistein, an inhibitor of tyrosine kinase, and was enhanced by 1-(5-isoquinoline sulfonyl)-2-methylpiperazine (H-7), an inhibitor of protein kinase C. Cystathionine ketimine and NAc-OCPC markedly also increased phosphorylation of 45-kDa protein in human neutrophils and the phosphorylation depended on the concentrations of cystathionine ketimine and NAc-OCPC. The phosphorylation of 45-kDa protein induced by cystathionine ketimine and NAc-OCPC was inhibited by genistein and herbimycin A, inhibitors of tyrosine kinase, but was not inhibited by H-7 and staurosporine, inhibitors of protein kinase C. Cystathionine metabolites and l-cystathionine sulfoxides were separated into two diastereoisomers, CS-I and CS-II. CS-I enhanced the superoxide generation induced by AA and PMA but not that induced by fMLP and OZ. In contrast, CS-II enhanced the superoxide generation induced by fMLP and OZ, but not that induced by AA and PMA. Copyright 2000 Academic Press.

Citation

H Kodama, J Zhang, K Sugahara. Novel priming compounds of cystathionine metabolites on superoxide generation in human neutrophils. Biochemical and biophysical research communications. 2000 Mar 16;269(2):297-301

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PMID: 10708546

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